Logging in

Now that our login form can handle invalid submissions, the next step is to handle valid submissions correctly by actually logging a user in.

The log_in method

Logging a user in is simple with the help of the req.session object defined by cookie-session module.

~/sample_app $ npm install cookie-session --save

app.js

var connect = require('connect');
var bodyParser = require('body-parser');

var cookieSession = require('cookie-session');

var app = connect();
app.use(bodyParser.json());

app.use(cookieSession({
	keys: ['1234567890QWERTY']
}));

module.exports = app;

app/helpers/sessions_helper.js

module.exports = {
	log_in: function(req, user) {
		req.session.user_id = user.id;
	}
};

With the log_in method defined, we’re now ready to complete the session create action by logging the user in and redirecting to the user’s profile page.

app/controllers/sessions_controller.js

var sessionHelper = require('../helpers/sessions_helper.js');
function SessionsController() {
	this.create = function(req, res, next) {
		var user = ModelSync( User.findOne({ where: {email: req.body.email.toLowerCase()} }) );
		if (user && !user.errors && user.authenticate(req.body.password)) {
			sessionHelper.log_in(req, user);
			res.end(JSON.stringify(user));
		} else {
			res.end(JSON.stringify({
				error: 'Invalid email/password combination'
			}));
		}
	};
	this.destroy = function(req, res, next) {
	};
}

module.exports = SessionsController;

public/controllers/sessions_controller.js

'use strict';

var sessionsController = angular.module('sessionsController', []);

sessionsController.controller(
	'SessionsNewCtrl',
	['$scope', '$state', 'Sessions', 'flashHelper', function ($scope, $state, Sessions, flashHelper) {
		...
		$scope.login = function() {
			Sessions.create($scope.user, function(user){
				if ( user.error ) {
					flashHelper.set({type: "danger", content: user.error}, true);
				} else {
					$state.transitionTo('user_detail', {id: user.id}, {
						reload: true, inherit: false, notify: true
					});
				}
			});
		};
	}]
);

Current user

Having placed the user’s id securely in the temporary session, we are now in a position to retrieve it on subsequent pages, which we’ll do by defining a current_user method to find the user in the database corresponding to the session id.

app/helpers/sessions_helper.js

module.exports = {
	log_in: function(req, user) {
		req.session.user_id = user.id;
	},
	current_user: function(req) {
		return ModelSync( User.findById(req.session.user_id) );
	}
};

The first practical application of logging in involves changing the layout links based on login status. The way to change the links in the site layout involves using an if-else statement inside embedded Angular to show one set of links if the user is logged in and another set of links otherwise.

public/app.js

...
sampleApp.run(['$rootScope', 'Sessions', function($rootScope, Sessions) {
	Sessions.get({}).$promise.then(function(session) {
		if (session.id) {
			$rootScope.logged_in = true;
		} else {
			$rootScope.logged_in = false;
		}
		$rootScope.current_user = session;
	});
}]);

public/controllers/sessions_controller.js

'use strict';

var sessionsController = angular.module('sessionsController', []);

sessionsController.controller(
	'SessionsNewCtrl',
	['$scope', '$state', 'Sessions', 'flashHelper', '$rootScope', function ($scope, $state, Sessions, flashHelper, $rootScope) {
		...
		$scope.login = function() {
			Sessions.create($scope.user, function(user){
				if ( user.error ) {
					flashHelper.set({type: "danger", content: user.error}, true);
				} else {
					$rootScope.logged_in = true;
					$rootScope.current_user = user;
					$state.transitionTo('user_detail', {id: user.id}, {
						reload: true, inherit: false, notify: true
					});
				}
			});
		};
	}]
);

public/services/user.js

var sessionsService = angular.module('sessionsService', ['ngResource']);

sessionsService.factory('Sessions', ['$resource', function($resource){
	return $resource('sessions/:id', {id:[email protected]'}, {
		'create': {method: 'POST'},
		'delete': {method: 'DELETE'},
		'get': {method: 'GET'}
	});
}]);

config/routes.js

module.exports = [
	{ resources: 'users' },
	{ post: '/sessions' },
	{ delete: '/sessions', action: 'destroy' },
	{ get: '/sessions', action: 'current_user' },
];

app/controllers/sessions_controller.js

var sessionHelper = require('../helpers/sessions_helper.js');
function SessionsController() {
	this.create = function(req, res, next) {
		...
	};
	this.destroy = function(req, res, next) {
	};
	this.current_user = function(req, res, next) {
		res.end(JSON.stringify( sessionHelper.current_user(req) ));
	};
}

module.exports = SessionsController;

public/partials/layouts/_header.html

<div class="container">
	<a href ui-sref="home" ui-sref-opts="{reload: true}" id="logo">sample app</a>
	<nav>
		<ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right">
			<li><a href ui-sref="home" ui-sref-opts="{reload: true}">Home</a></li>
			<li><a href ui-sref="help" ui-sref-opts="{reload: true}">Help</a></li>
			<li ng-if="logged_in"><a href="#">Users</a></li>
			<li ng-if="logged_in" class="dropdown">
				<a href class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown">
					Account <b class="caret"></b>
				</a>
				<ul class="dropdown-menu">
					<li><a href ui-sref="user_detail({id: current_user.id})" ui-sref-opts="{reload: true}">Profile</a></li>
					<li><a href="#">Settings</a></li>
					<li class="divider"></li>
					<li><a href="#">Log out</a></li>
				</ul>
			</li>
			<li ng-if="!logged_in"><a href ui-sref="login" ui-sref-opts="{reload: true}">Log in</a></li>
		</ul>
	</nav>
</div>

To activate the dropdown menu, we need to include Bootstrap’s custom JavaScript library.

~/sample_app $ npm install jquery --save

public/index.html

...
<script src="../node_modules/jquery/dist/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="../node_modules/bootstrap/dist/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>

<script src="../node_modules/angular-form-for/dist/form-for.min.js"></script>
<script src="../node_modules/angular-form-for/dist/form-for.bootstrap-templates.js"></script>
...

Testing layout changes

Having verified by hand that the application is behaving properly upon successful login, before moving on we’ll write an integration test to capture that behavior and catch regressions.

1. Visit the login path.
2. Post valid information to the sessions path.
3. Verify that the login link disappears.
4. Verify that a profile link appears.

public/test/e2e_test/integration/users_login_test.js

describe('UsersLoginTest', function() {
	...

	it('login with valid information', function() {
		element(by.css('[name="email"]')).clear('');
		element(by.css('[name="password"]')).clear('');
		element(by.css('[name="email"]')).sendKeys([email protected]');
		element(by.css('[name="password"]')).sendKeys('password');
		element(by.css('[name="commit"]')).click();
		expect( browser.getCurrentUrl() ).toContain('#/users/');
		expect( element.all(by.css('[ui-sref="login"]')).count() ).toEqual(0);
		expect( element.all(by.css('[ui-sref="user_detail({id: current_user.id})"]')).count() ).toEqual(1);
	});
});

This test should be successful

~/sample_app $ protractor protractor.conf.js
Using the selenium server at http://localhost:4444/wd/hub
[launcher] Running 1 instances of WebDriver
Started
...........

11 specs, 0 failures

Login upon signup

Although our authentication system is now working, newly registered users might be confused, as they are not logged in by default. Because it would be strange to force users to log in immediately after signing up, we’ll log in new users automatically as part of the signup process. To arrange this behavior, all we need to do is add a call to log_in in the Users controller create action

app/controllers/users_controller.js

var sessionHelper = require('../helpers/sessions_helper.js');

function UsersController() {
	this.show = function(req, res, next) {
		var user = ModelSync( User.findById(req.params.id) );
		res.end(JSON.stringify(user));
	};

	this.create = function(req, res, next) {
		var user = ModelSync( User.create(req.body) );
		if (user && !user.errors)
			sessionHelper.log_in(req, user);
		res.end(JSON.stringify(user));
	};
}

module.exports = UsersController;

public/test/e2e_test/integration/users_signup_test.js

describe('UsersSignupTest', function() {
	...

	it('valid signup information', function() {
		var current_url = 'http://localhost:1337/#/signup';
		var string = new Date().getTime();
		browser.get(current_url);
		element(by.css('[name="name"]')).sendKeys('Example User');
		element(by.css('[name="email"]')).sendKeys('user-'+string+[email protected]');
		element(by.css('[name="password"]')).sendKeys('password');
		element(by.css('[name="password_confirmation"]')).sendKeys('password');
		element(by.css('[name="commit"]')).click();
		expect(browser.getCurrentUrl()).toContain('#/users/');
		expect( element.all(by.css('[ui-sref="login"]')).count() ).toEqual(0);
		expect( element.all(by.css('[ui-sref="user_detail({id: current_user.id})"]')).count() ).toEqual(1);
	});
});

At this point, the test suite should still be successful

~/sample_app $ protractor protractor.conf.js
Using the selenium server at http://localhost:4444/wd/hub
[launcher] Running 1 instances of WebDriver
Started
...........

11 specs, 0 failures